Cannabis Strains Sativa, Indica, Hybrids and Hemp, The Difference of Plants, Leaf, THC, CBD.
Cannabis is the common name for a group of flowering plants belonging to the cannabis family. Cannabis comes in a variety of forms, each of which contains over 100 cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are naturally occurring molecules that bind to cannabinoid receptors in the body, causing a variety of symptoms such as euphoria and pain relief. Cannabis is thought to have originated in Mongolia and southern Siberia, but others argue that it was first discovered in South Asia, Afghanistan, and northern China's Huang River Valley. the plant is over 12,000 years old and was among the first commonly grown in the world.
Cannabis is a perennial annual herb that is dioecious. The palmately compound or digitate leaves have serrate leaflets. Depending on the range and growing conditions, the first pair of leaves usually have a single leaflet, with the number progressively rising up to a limit of around thirteen leaflets per leaf (usually seven or nine). This number decreases to a single leaflet per leaf at the top of a flowering plant. On the main stem of a mature plant, the lower leaf pairs are typically in an opposite leaf arrangement while the upper leaf pairs are in an alternative leaf arrangement.
Cannabis was used in ancient civilizations for its medicinal properties. Burned seeds have been uncovered in the graves of shamans dating back to 500 B.C., indicating that the psychoactive qualities of the seeds were used in rites and healing practises.
In the 1500s, colonists in America grew the plant for use in textiles and rope, with the seeds being eaten as fruit. According to some evidence, the use of cannabis for medical purposes may have begun as early as 400 A.D.
However, it was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that it was accepted as a medicinal treatment in the United States. This came after an Irish doctor studying in India discovered that using cannabis extracts could help people with cholera ease their gastrointestinal symptoms.
The Scythians, a tribe of Iranian nomads, are thought to have burned the seeds to inhale the smoke containing the psychoactive ingredient as early as 900 B.C., When they burnt the seeds, they inhaled the psychoactive ingredient-containing smoke.
The leaves have a distinctive and diagnostic venation pattern that allows people who aren't familiar with the plant to say the difference between a cannabis leaf and those from unrelated plants with confusingly identical leaves (see illustration).
Each serration has a central vein that extends to the tip, as is typical in serrated leaves. The serration vein, on the other side, arises from the leaflet's central vein, usually opposite the location of the second notch down, not the first. This suggests that the vein serving the serration's tip moves next to the intervening notch on its way from the leaflet's midrib to the point of the serration. The vein will rarely pass tangent to the notch, but most frequently it will pass by at a slight distance, in which case a spur vein (or a pair of spur veins) branches out and enters the leaf margin at the notch's deepest point. This venation pattern differs somewhat between species, but in general, it makes distinguishing Cannabis leaves from superficially similar leaves simple and painless. Microscopic inspection of leaf cells and other characteristics of Cannabis plants may also be used to identify small samples with accuracy, although this involves specialized knowledge and equipment.
Types of Marijuana
There are three varieties of pot leaves, each of which falls into one of three categories: Sativa, Indica, or Hybrid. Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa plants have been around since the 18th century, with Cannabis Hybrid being a newcomer. The term "hybrid" refers to the cross-pollination of seeds from multiple geographical locations around the world.
Perfecting the cultivation and harvesting of cannabis is a widely valued pastime in the cannabis world. The range of tastes are infinite as compared to the number of cookies sold around the world.
There are also several connoisseurs who purchase marijuana solely for the strain. It's worth noting that the majority of the weed on sale is a hybrid of Sativa and Indica strains.
It is thought to have arisen in the Hindu “Kush” area near Afghanistan. Anyone who is familiar with marijuana knows that Kush is a potent strain. Because of the harsh environment in this part of Afghanistan, the strain grew dense resin coats as a means of protection. While not all indica strains can put you "in da sofa," many customers equate indicas with full-body symptoms such as heavy limbs or tingling in the ears. Indicas are also said to assist with relaxation and insomnia, according to them.
Indica strains are known for making people feel calm, euphoric, cheerful, and sleepy. Indica strains are often referred to as "night-time" strains because they are used to calm and unwind at the end of the night.
Flowering time, yields, geographic origins of plants, and different flavours are all characteristics of Indica. Purple Haze, Granddaddy Purple, and Northern Lights are only a few of the epic names offered to top flavours.
The Indica strain has a more calming effect, making you want to stay on the sofa all day. I'm not sure if the gaming industry and the weed industry are in cahoots, but they appear to go hand and hand. Indigo
As opposed to Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica plants have less THC and more CBD. As a result, they have less psychoactive effects and are commonly used for therapeutic uses in patients who don't want to get drunk but still want to get relief from their symptoms.
The C. indica plant is short and bushy in form, and it matures more rapidly.
Popular indica strains
There are several indica strains to choose from, many of which you might already be acquainted with. These common indica cannabis strains can be found at your local pharmacy.
Origins: Indicas are thought to have arisen in India or Afghanistan, but their precise origins are uncertain.
Physical Characteristics: Indicas are distinguished by their small, squat stature, which is suitable for surviving the harsh mountain climate from which they are believed to have originated.
Plant characteristics: Indica plants are small and stocky, with bushy greenery and large, thick leaves. They grow faster than sativa and yield more buds per plant.
Indica strains have higher CBD levels and lower THC levels than other strains.
Commonly related side effects of use: Indica is prized for its deeply soothing properties. It can also assist with nausea and discomfort, as well as improving appetite.
Usage during the day or at night: Indica is best eaten at night due to its intense relaxing effects.
Hindu Kush, Afghan Kush, and Granddaddy Purple are three of the most common indica strains.
Cannabis sativa is a kind of cannabis plant that has a higher tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content than other varieties, though it also contains cannabidiol (CBD).
It has medical, recreational, and agricultural (hemp) applications. Plants of C. sativa are larger and lankier than other cannabis varieties, reaching up to 20 feet in height. Although not all sativa marijuana strains can make you feel energized, most users will find that sativas have a propensity to deliver a "head high," or an uplifting, relaxing impact. Sativas are often widely reported as being useful in minimizing tension or anxiety, and many customers appreciate sativas for their ability to sharpen concentration and improve creativity/motivation.
Sativas, on the other hand, have energizing effects, which is why they're usually used in the morning or afternoon. This hemp strain is commonly used to relieve depression and fatigue. It has a morphology that allows it to grow to a height of up to 20 feet and is slender with loose branches.
Sativa strains are known for making people feel positive, uplifting, euphoric, and energetic. Sativas are commonly thought of as “daytime” strains, which are used to feel active, imaginative, and concentrated, as well as to get things done around the house. Sativa's effects are said to be uplifting and encourage you to express yourself creatively. It can be used to treat ADD and mood disturbances. Sour Diesel, Jack Herer, and Lemon Haze are some of the more common Sativa strain flavours.
Popular Sativa Strains
You can try a variety of sativa strains, and you've probably heard of some of the most common. Any dispensaries should carry at least a few of these sativa marijuana strains, as they are widely common.
Ghost Train Haze
Super Lemon Haze
Super Silver Haze
Sativas are thought to have originated in equatorial regions, which explains why they prefer tropical growing conditions.
Physical Characteristics: Sativas are tall and slim, reaching a height of 12 feet or more. Their leaves are long and serrated.
Plant description: Sativa plants have finger-like leaves and are tall and slender. They can reach heights of more than 12 feet and take longer to mature than most cannabis varieties.
Typical CBD to THC ratio: Sativa has lower CBD levels and higher THC levels.
Sativa's more popular side effects involve a "mind high," or an energising, anxiety-relieving impact. You can feel productive and imaginative instead of calm and lethargic if you use sativa-dominant strains.
Sativa should be used during the day or at night because of its calming effects.
Acapulco Gold, Panama Red, and Durban Poison are three of the most common sativa strains.
The two ancient strains have a lot of variations, which is where Hybrid fits in. To balance weed for both strains, seeds from various geographical areas are cross-germinated. This provides marijuana patients a comfortable compromise between the two, helping them to experience the best of all worlds.
Following is an example that will give you an idea of how to pair Indica and Sativa plants, as well as how their cannabis constituents can appear when compared to one another.
When two or more varieties of cannabis plants are crossed to create a new variety, the result is a hybrid form of cannabis. They're usually thought to be the children of two separate types of weed parents.
Since hybrid cannabis hybrids have genetics from both indicas and sativas, their results can be influenced by both indica and sativa varieties. Happy, euphoric, uplifting, enthusiastic, and soothing are all common effects, depending on the hybrid you drink and which effects its "parent" strains are known to create.
Farmers produce hybrid strains as they try to combine the best qualities of both plants to promote the growth of a superior plant. Growing various varieties of cannabis plants is often an exercise, and based on the form and strain of cannabis plant used, there are countless variants to choose from. Hybrids are created by manually crossing indica and sativa strains. The majority of cannabis strains are hybrids, but they may be predominantly indica or sativa.
Popular hybrid strains
There are plenty of hybrid strains on the market, and some of the more well-known are perhaps some of the most recognizable.
Strawberries & Cream
Ice Cream Cake
Physical Characteristics: A hybrid plant's appearance is determined by its ancestors.
Plant description: The appearance of hybrid strains is determined by the parent plants' mixture.
The typical CBD to THC ratio: Many hybrid cannabis plants are grown to raise the THC level, but each variety has its own CBD to THC ratio.
Farmers and growers choose hybrids for their particular effects, which are generally associated with their use. They will assist with anything from anxiety and stress management to chemotherapy and radiation side effects.
Usage during the day or at night depends on the hybrid's primary effects.
Hybrids are categorised as indica-dominant (or indica-dom), sativa-dominant (or sativa-dominant), or balanced. Pineapple Express, Train wreck, and Blue Dream are all common hybrids.
Hemp is a herb variation of the Cannabis sativa plant that is commonly used for agricultural purposes. Although the seeds have been cultivated for food, hemp comes from the Cannabis sativa variety of the plant and is commonly used for industrial purposes. Hemp varies from other hemp types in terms of physical features owing to the inclusion of bast fiber.
Hemp is produced from slender hemp plants with small flowers and spike-like clusters. After a lengthy operation, the plant's fibers are harvested.
The stalks must be retted, cleaned, and crushed before being used. After being shaken to remove from the wood portion of the stem, the fibres are then released. Per plant has the capacity to generate a 5.8-foot-long fibre chain. Per plant has the capacity to generate a 5.8-foot-long fibre chain. Hemp fibres may be used for a variety of purposes, including:
- Artificial sponges
- Course fabrics such a burlap and canvas
Hemp seeds are a common health food because they are rich in protein, magnesium, and fibre. They can be used in smoothies, sandwiches, and as a dairy-free milk substitute. Hemp can also be processed into an oil material that can be used to manufacture paints, varnishes, soaps, and cooking oil.
Healthy benefits of hemp (in the Cannabaceae family).
Cannabis is a herb genus of three closely related varieties (in the Cannabaceae family). Among them are Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.
Cannabis varieties with a THC value of less than 0.3 percent are classified as hemp. Marijuana, on the other hand, applies to Cannabis plants with more than 0.3 percent THC and the potential to produce euphoria.
Hemp seeds are the most delicious part of the hemp plant. Tea can be made from the leaves, but the seeds provide the majority of the plant's nutrients. Hemp seeds, in particular, are rich in fat, which contains essential fatty acids. Hemp's health benefits are mostly derived from its origin.
Hemp has been used to cure a variety of illnesses, but there isn't enough clinical data to back up arguments that it is safe and successful for a wide range of disorders. Here are a few examples:
7. Heart problems
8. Urinary conditions (increasing urine flow)
9. Warts (when applied topically to the skin)