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'Marijuana' is a Mexican term. Typically, it refers to any part of the three subspecies of the cannabis plant. It includes parts of cannabis sativa, cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis. These plants grow outdoors and achieve maturity in 3 to 5 months. However, it is not legal to cultivate cannabis plant in various parts of the world. Some people legally cultivate marijuana for medical purposes.
In the United States of America, marijuana stands third in popularity of recreational drugs. In some parts of America, it is legal to use this drug. Over 100 million people living in America use this drug. Millions of people smoke it regularly despite the strict laws against its use.
As compared to alcohol and tobacco, marijuana is less dangerous. Marijuana is less toxic comparatively and does not cause death with its overdose. Researchers believe that consumption in small doses can help to treat health problems. Medical law reform opponents argue that health authorities consider it as a therapeutic agent. Many health and medical organizations support the use of medical marijuana. These organizations are from the United States of America, as well as from abroad.
Numerous scientific and health organizations back medical marijuana for the use of patients. No one supports its comprehensive use. These endorsements are intended to provide support for medical cannabis. They show a response to those who oppose the medical claim of marijuana. It is on the basis of facts with references. This medical marijuana issue stimulates political debates. The legislators and reformers should consider the positions of the medical community. It will help to make excellent informed policy decisions of the use of medical marijuana.
The national and international organizations and AIDS organizations have also endorsed the use of marijuana. They made a petition to the federal government to make marijuana available to AIDS patients.
In 1996, California adopted the legalization related to the use of marijuana. With the voters’ initiatives, the use of marijuana is legal in various states of the United States of America. It is legal in jurisdictions like Colorado, Washington, and Oregon. It is also legal to use marijuana in Maine, Massachusetts, and Nevada.
THC and CBD are two active ingredients in marijuana. These are cannabinoids present in both medical and recreational marijuana. However, in medical marijuana, CBD substance is present in large quantities. CBD acts as a therapeutic agent. Hence, medical marijuana helps to treat certain illnesses. They do not make the users high but ease the pain. People can smoke, brew or eat marijuana to get relief from various health problems. Here are a few uses of medical marijuana:
In this eye disease, the pressure in the eyeball increases. This damages the optic nerve and may cause total loss of vision. Medical marijuana helps to treat and prevent glaucoma. It decreases the eye pressure. People with glaucoma show low intraocular pressure after smoking marijuana. This drug slows down the progression of glaucoma.
Reverse the carcinogenic effects
Effects on lungs
It helps to improve the lung health and does not impair function. Thus, the capacity of the lung can even increase. This increased capacity links with the inhaling of this drug.
The tetrahydrocannabinol is one of the active ingredients in marijuana. It controls epileptic seizures. This compound binds the brain cells responsible for relaxation and excitability. This drug helps to stop epileptic seizures, especially in children.
Cannabidiol is a therapeutic chemical. It helps to prevent the spreading of cancer to different parts. It turns off expression of Id-1 gene. The cancer cells produce many copies of this gene which helps them spread through the body. Many medical marijuana users say that this drug helps to suppress nausea and anxiety. It relieves the pain as well. Thus, it is best for those patients who suffer from these side effects of chemotherapy. Medical marijuana is treated for chemotherapy-induced nausea.
Medical marijuana improves mood and may reduce anxiety. In low doses, it acts as a sedative, but in large doses, it increases anxiety and makes you feel depressed and paranoid.
Medical marijuana helps people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. It slows down the progression of this disease. THC found in marijuana blocks the enzyme that produces amyloid plaques. These plaques are responsible for killing brain cells that cause the disease.
The drug helps to ease symptoms of multiple sclerosis. The patients with this disease suffer from painful muscle contractions. Smoking marijuana helps these patients. The active agent THC binds the nerve and muscle receptors and relieves pain.
Marijuana produces ‘munchies.' This effect stimulates appetite in patients suffering from HIV/AIDS. Also, it increases appetite in those who have lost it after medical treatment.
In large doses, marijuana affects pleasure, memory, thinking, coordination and time perception. It can also disrupt the driving and decision-making ability. Marijuana can affect short-term memory as well. It may cause hallucinations and delusions. It causes health risk during pregnancy for both mothers and their babies.
The Food and Drug Administration have approved the use of Dronabinol and Nabilone. Medical marijuana is available in medical dispensary once the doctor prescribes it! A majority of the laws allow medical dispensaries to sell this drug in the states, where it is legal. They allow it on the basis of specific conditions. The restrictions on the sale of this drug vary in most states.